Guinea pigs - care guide

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GUINEA PIG DISEASES - CARE GUIDE: diet, breeds, tamming, grooming, sterilization, communication, sounds, sex recognition, reproduction, physique, behavior, origin, gender, equipment, accessories, hygiene, vet pet shop.

PHYSIQUE

DISEASES OF GUINEA PIGS

DIARRHOEA
Diarrhoea can be caused by: poisoning, bacterial infection, an inappropriate diet or when the diet has been changed too fast. Symptoms should not last longer than two days. You can try to help a pig by eliminating humid food from the diet for a few days. If symptoms donít disappear, you should take your pig to a vet. If the pig has a fever too, donít wait for the spontaneous improvement and go to the vet at once. The fever may be a symptom of a bacterial infection. In this case giving antibiotics is necessary.

KOPROSTAZA
Its symptoms are red and stinking faeces. The pig needs to see a vet at once. A treatment is unfortunately long-term. It is based on giving paraffin oil and vitamins from the B-group to the pet.

EXCESSIVE FUR LOSS
It is caused by deficiency of fibre in a diet. Proper diet should eliminate symptoms. Your piggy should eat more food rich in fibre, such as hay, porridge oats or flax grains.

PARALYSIS AND PARESIS
It can be caused by two factors:
- Virus. In addition to paresis thereís one more symptom Ė increase of body temperature. The pig should be taken to a vet immediately. There is no cure. It is necessary to put the guinea pig to sleep (euthanasia).
- Vitamin A and B deficiency. It could be caused by a bad diet. In this case forecasts are much better. You can take your pet to a vet, although It will be sufficient to give your piggy food rich in A and B vitamins

PARASITES
- internal: tapeworms, nematodes, sheep liverfluke, flagellates, blepharismas etc. Symptoms of these parasites are: a change in stool color (on red) and weight loss. You should go to a vet, because only the doctor can establish proper therapy, which unfortunately is usually long-term.
- external: chewing louse (look like white ascarids), lice, fleas. Symptoms: scratching, little cuts on the skin, reddening, fur loss. You shouldnít give your pig any medicines on your own initiative
,although you can (in case of visible parasites) disinfect the pig using a preparation for fleas (purchased in a pharmacy or in a pet shop). After that donít forget to wash your piggy and clean its cage. However donít do anything on your own, if you see wounds on your pigs skin - the piggy has to be taken to a vet.

OVERGROWTH OF TEETH
It is most often caused by lack of hard food in the diet and teething rings. Overgrowth of teeth makes eating impossible, which can lead even to starvation. You should go to a vet who will trim teeth to the right size.


COLD
Symptoms: runny nose and sneezing. Donít give your guinea pig any medications on your own (except a food supplement with vitamin C). In such case, you should turn up the temperature in the room, in which the pig is. Cold should pass in a few days. If symptoms donít stop or become more intense, you should go with your piggy to a vet.

CUTS

You should wash the woundwith hydrogen peroxide (donít put nothing on it). If it doesn't heal up, you should go to a vet. In case of cuts caused during claw trimming, you can use styptic powder Ė just put the pigís paw into the container of powder. In case of more serious injury (heavy bleeding) a visit to a vet is necessary.

GINGIVITIS
It is caused by deficiency of vitamin C. Symptoms: swelling and sometimes bleeding gums. You can help your piggy very quickly - buy a food supplement with vitamin C in a pet shop. Your piggy should have a proper diet; it should contains lots of vitamin C.

PNEUMONIA AND BRONCHITIS
The symptoms are: increased thirst, poor appetite, heavy breathing, cough, sneezing, apathy, becoming dull and ruffled fur. It is difficult to determine whether it is pneumonia or bronchitis(pneumonia is more dangerous). We recommend to place the cage in a warm place. A help of a vet is necessary.

CORNEITIS

Symptom: white spots on the eyeball. It is caused by a decrease in immunity. A vet decides on a treatment Ė it is usually based on giving immune medications.

BONE FRACTURE
It can happen, when the pig jumps into the cage from the ownerís hands (donít let it do it!). In case of a fracture of the upper part of a paw, immobilized with a plaster isn't possible, you can only hope, that the fracture will heal. When thereís a fracture of a lower part of the limb, a plaster cast is put on for a period of 8-10 days.

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